The Most Common Types of Fire Suppression Systems

There are several common types of fire suppression systems. An inert gas, water, chemical, foam deluge, and a combination of these. This article will discuss how to determine the best system for your needs. Ultimately, these systems should be used with caution.


There are two main types of fire protection systems NYC: water-based and chemical-based. Water-based systems are the bare minimum for code compliance, but they may not be the best option for all circumstances. For example, while water does not harm people, it can damage equipment and electrical equipment. On the other hand, chemical-based systems can use inert gas or helium to prevent the spread of fire. But water may do more damage than good, so you should also consider other options.

Another fire suppression system uses dry chemical powder to put out fires. Dry chemicals are safer than other chemical agents because they do not release residue. These systems are most common in buildings that have flammable liquids or electronics. On the other hand, the carbon dioxide system uses dry chemicals to suppress fires. Carbon dioxide is odorless and colorless, but it is not safe for people. This fire suppression system is commonly used in engine rooms, flammable liquid storage rooms, and large industrial machines.


There are two significant types of fire suppression systems: clean chemical agents and wet chemicals. Chemical clean agent systems use chemicals like sodium bicarbonate or mono-ammonium phosphate to suppress fires, while dry chemical systems use a pressurized tank filled with the dry chemical powder. High-pressure nitrogen cartridges open the tank valve, releasing the dry chemical powder into the piping system. The dry chemical system requires recharging before it can be used again.

The most common type of fire suppression system uses chemicals to suppress fires. Dry chem systems are a relatively new technology, but they are reliable. Once activated, dry chem systems dump a dry powder on the hazard. Unfortunately, this system also requires extensive cleanup after use. Fortunately, there are alternatives to chemical systems. Chemical systems are still the most common but are no longer the only option.

Inert gas

Inert gas is a naturally occurring fire suppressant that combines nitrogen and argon to reduce the oxygen concentration inside a protected space. This type of gas is released into the protected area within 60 seconds at a constant flow rate, preventing destructive turbulence. This fire suppressant is perfect for sensitive equipment and is also approved for customarily occupied areas.

Inert gas is the most effective type of fire suppression system. These systems use naturally occurring gases with zero ozone depletion potential. Because these gases are inert, they do not affect the atmosphere or put human life in danger. This fire suppression system can effectively extinguish class A and class D fires. In addition to reducing the oxygen concentration, it can also prevent fire spread and reduce the risk of death.

Foam deluge

A deluge fire suppression system can be effective for a large area where flammable liquids are a threat. These systems are typically installed in industrial warehouses, refineries, and other high-hazard areas. They operate by dispersing foam concentrate mixed with water, a chemical agent that smothers flames and impedes the release of flammable gases.

A deluge of foam is the most effective fire suppression system for a large area. It can spread and move about the hydrocarbon pool. It can also be installed in a containment basin to prevent spills. Foam deluge systems are not suitable for all types of fires. Foam can be diluted with water or alcohol. It is better to use coaming for large areas with a lot of leaks.

Pneumatic heat detection tubes

These fire suppression systems are similar to fire extinguishers. A heat sensor will trigger the extinguisher to release foam as soon as detecting a fire, putting out the blaze. These systems are inexpensive to install and effective for smaller fires. However, they only work in certain circumstances.

These devices can be fitted into existing systems or installed in a new building. The Pneumatic heat detection tube is an ideal option for facilities where fire safety is of utmost importance. They require stainless steel piping, pneumatic activation, and discharge of a liquid agent. The pipe can be a standalone device or integrated with an alarm system to provide early warning. In addition, it can shut off fuel and power supply when the temperature rises. Unlike other fire suppression systems, these devices are easy to install and require no maintenance. They also have a pressure gauge to monitor the system pressure.