Cataract is an age-related medical condition that affects the eyes of the person. People with cataract find that the lens of the eye becomes clouded and opaque, leading to blurred vision and even complete loss of sight. It is estimated that cataract begins to come to the fore around the age of 50, after which the loss of vision increases with time.
Cataract is a condition that affects both the eyes, but the condition may sometimes be accelerated in one eye. The exact reason why it occurs is unknown, but protein restructuring is one of the causes. A person affected with cataract may find it difficult to carry out simple activities, like driving at night, reading or even watching TV. However, there are many methods of treatment of cataract, including a laser cataract surgery.
Since clouding of the lens occurs with the onset of the disease, understandably, the vision becomes increasingly blurred. Since clouding of the lens is akin to looking through a dirty windshield, cataract can easily be recognised by the patient himself. Patients may also have difficulty with brightness or glare from automobile headlights. Cataract also causes other similar vision problems, including dull coloured vision, double vision and even increased nearsightedness. Many people mistakenly attribute cataract initially to a problem with their glasses but find out later that the change in the quality of vision was due to the condition.
Cataract never causes any redness or pain in the eye, except in extremely advanced cases. However, it is a good idea to pay the doctor a visit if there are any sudden problems with your vision.
Treatment for Cataract
Cataract is an eventuality, which means that most people tend to get affected by the disease as they age. However, the rate of progression of the disease varies from person to person; in some cases, the disease may not progress past the initial cloudy conditions, but it may accelerate in other cases.
Non-surgical treatments for cataract are still being researched, which mainly revolve around the use of eye drops to dissolve the protein buildup in the eye lens. Therefore, cataract surgery is still the most common method of curing the disease. Other treatment called Keratoconus treatment performed on the severity of keratoconus symptoms. Do not rub your eyes after surgery for few days.
Phacoemulsification is the most common cataract surgery procedure for the removal of cataract. In this process, a small incision is made in the eye lens by the surgeon, through which an ultrasonic probe is inserted. Ultrasonic vibrations are used to break up the protein build up in the lens. These protein fragments are then sucked out by the probe itself, resulting in a clear lens. The incision is too small to require any closing, and the entire process is over within half an hour. The patient is also given numbing eye drops, to avoid pain in the eye during the process. The process is called laser surgery because a femtosecond laser is used to make the minute incision in the lens.
PSTakeCare is a handy tool to compare the various hospitals which have the facilities for laser surgery. You can even book doctor appointments if you visit PSTakeCare website, so make sure to explore your options before choosing the right surgeon!